НА РУССКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

                              

 

Appellations

Wine Map of Georgia (click to enlarge)

Click to enlarge.  Wine Map of Georgia by W.Bosak (reprinted with permission)

Kakheti Wine Maps (2 maps)


Imereti Wine Map


Appellations of Origin registered in Georgia

for more detailed information see National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia "Sakpatenti"


“KOTEKHI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

Geographical location. The specific zone is located in the middle stream of the river Alazani, on its right bank, with the coordinates of North latitude 41°45´ and East longitude 45°48´. The territory of the micro-zone includes the foothill adjacent to the woody slopes of Northern-western inclination of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge and Alazani Valley, and is located at 250-700 meters above sea level.

Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.

Species of “Saperavi”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 7-8 tons per hectare.


Economic-technological characterization of “Rkatsiteli” and “Saperavi”
Rkatsiteli” – Wine species of white grape. It is distinguished by high economic-technological properties, resistance in various conditions and high dignity of production. The species is of average or late period. It is characterized with abundant harvest (average weight of a bunch is about 160-250 gr.). Average harvest is 9-10 tons per hectare.
 “Saperavi” – Georgian, color-grape wine species giving high quality production. Wine made of “Saperavi” is of intense dark red color, with moderate content of alcohol and acidity, with rich and gay race and high taste properties.
The bunch is larger than average with the weight of 140-145 gr. The ripe bunch is of dark blue color, juicy and pulpy with pleasant sweet taste.
The grape ripens in the second half of September. The vine is stronger that of average grow. The harvest per hectare to gain the conditional production varies between 7-8 tons.
Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 200-260 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,5-8,5 gr/dm3.

Wine “Kotekhi” (white) – “Kotekhi” is the highest-grade white dry wine of geographical appellation. It is made of the grapes of “Rkatsiteli” species with fully stopped must.
Wine “Kotekhi” is characterized with a light straw coloring, with species-specific aroma and pleasant taste.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Kotekhi” should correspond to the following data:
Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5 – 12,0
Mass concentration of sugars no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,5 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,0 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 16 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Wine “Kotekhi” (red) - “Kotekhi” is the highest-quality red dry wine of geographical appellation. It is made of the grapes of “Saperavi” species with fully stopped must.
Wine “Kotekhi” is characterized with red color, species-specific aroma and fine, pleasant taste.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Kotekhi” should correspond to the following data:
Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5 – 12,0
Mass concentration of sugars no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,0-7,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 20 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Areas of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Kotekhi” is approximately 14 sq. km.
The location, the micro-climate, the atmospheric processes developed in subtropical and moderate latitudes (displaced from west to east), the soils and the originality of indigenous species make for special features of “Kotekhi” wines.
  

“TIBAANI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Geographical location. The specific zone of “Tibaani” is located in Inner Kakheti, in the eastern part of the right bank of the Alazani lowland, on the southern-eastern plain of Gombori Ridge, in Signagi Region, with the coordinates of North latitude 41°35´ and East longitude 46°00´. The absolute altitude of the areas to be cultivated as vineyards is 350 to 550 m above sea level. The area includes the villages of Tibaani, Kvemo Machkhaani and a part of Dzveli Anagi.
  
Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Growing area: Up to 300-350 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring plough of soil, with minimal land cultivation. Moisture-preservation measures– preserving the soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching). In the irrigation area the last irrigation cycle of vegetation is to be ended one month before the vintage starts.

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulation
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, rot.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Control measures: Applying contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of “Rkatsiteli”
Rkatsiteli” – Georgian wine species of white grape giving high-quality production, with an average growing ability, abundant harvest, with the average or late than average ripening period. The average weight of a bunch is up to 160-250 gr. The fully ripened grape becomes of a beautiful color with a pinkish-bronze tint. It is quite pulpy and juicy, with pleasant sweet species-specific aroma.
Sugar content of ripe grape reaches 220-240 gr/dm3, with the constant acidity of 5-6 gr/dm3. Average harvest to gain high-quality wines does not exceed 9-10 tons per hectare.

Wine “Tibaani” is controlled premium-quality dry white wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the grape of species “Rkatsiteli” with fully stopped must.
Wine “Tibaani” is characterized with dark amber colour, with species-specific aroma, extractability, velvet taste and raisins tones.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Tibaani” should correspond to the following indicators:
Volumetric spirit-content, % - 11,5-13,0
Mass concentration of sugars no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,0-6,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 18 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Tibaani” is approximately 28 sq. km.
The climatic conditions, moderately humid subtropical climate, the location of vineyards at the foot of southern-eastern and northern-eastern part of Tsiv-Gombori mountains, the originality of indigenous species “Rkatsiteli” and the ancient rule to make wine in the wine clay-pitches make for special features of “Tibaani” wine.


“TELIANI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Geographical location. The specific zone of “Teliani” is located in the middle stream of the river Alazani, with the coordinates of North latitude 41°54´ and East longitude 45°35´. The areas for vineyards are spread on northern-eastern slopes of Tsiv-Gombori mountains and are located between the Kisiskhevi and Vantiskhevi, the right tributaries of the river Alazani, at 560 m above sea level.  
  
Agro-technical regulations
In order to produce the wine of “Teliani”, the following agro-technical regulations should be observed by considering the soil and climatic conditions.

Species of Cabernet-Sauvignon
Growing area: Up to 560 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Georgian two-sided, free.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 7-8 buds.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring plough of soil. Preserving the soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching). The last vegetation irrigation is to be ended one month before the vintage starts.
In dryland – preserving the soil surface in weed-free and a loose state. Soil mulching.


Economic-technological characterization of “Cabernet-Sauvignon”
Cabernet-Sauvignon” – High-quality French wine species of color vine. The red wine made with “Cabernet” is distinguished by special gentle taste, rich race and moderate ratio of alcohol and acidity.
It is of average or later than average ripening period.
It is of average grow. The harvest to gain conditional harvest is 6-7 tons per hectare. The sugar content in ripe production is 190-220 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 8-9 gr/dm3.

Wine “Teliani” is premium-quality controlled dry red wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the grape of species “Cabernet-Sauvignon” with fully stopped must.
Wine “Teliani” is characterized with dark red color, with pure species-specific aroma, spicy, harmonious and developed race.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Tibaani” should correspond to the following indicators:
Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,0
Mass concentration of sugars no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 20 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Teliani” is approximately 10,5 sq. km.
The moderately humid climate and brown meadow and alluvial soils create favorable conditions for “Cabernet-Sauvignon” to grow to produce high-quality red table wine with special gentle taste, rich race and optimal ratio of alcohol and acidity.
  

“NAPAREULI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

  
Geographical location. The specific zone of “Napareuli” is located in the upper stream of the river Alazani, on its left bank, Kakheti region. The areas to be cultivated are located in the lower streams of the gorges of the left tributaries of the river Alazani, Stori and Didkhev-Lopota flowing from the southern part of the Caucasioni. 
The areas for vineyards are located at 400-500 m above sea level. The total width of Kakheti valley along Napareuli longitude is approximately 20 km.
The inclination of the areas for vineyards on the southern slopes of the mountainous system of Caucasioni varies between 3 and 5°. The specific zone of “Napareuli” has the coordinates of North latitude 42°03´ and East longitude 45°31´. It includes the villages of Napareuli, Saniore, Jugaani, Artana, Pshaveli and Laliskuri.   

Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.

Species of “Saperavi”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 7-8 tons per hectare.

An urgent agricultural measure: Rationing of the high-yielding tillers and tearing off their tips before the flowering phase.

Economic-technological characterization of the species “Rkatsiteli” and “Saperavi”
“Rkatsiteli” –Wine species of white vine with favorable farming and technological properties. It is characterized by good resistance to various conditions and high dignity of production. The species is of average or later than average period. It is high-yielding (with an average weight of the bunch of up to 160-250 gr.). Average harvest per hectare is 9-10 tons.  
The sugar content in ripen production is 220-240 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 5-6 gr/dm3.

“Saperavi” – Georgian color-grape wine species giving high-quality production. Wine made of “Saperavi” is of intense dark red color, with moderate content of alcohol and acidity, with rich and gay race and high taste properties.
The bunch is larger than average with the weight of 140-145 gr. The ripe bunch is of dark blue color, juicy and pulpy with pleasant sweet taste.
The grape ripens in the second half of September. The vine is stronger than of average grow. The harvest per hectare to gain the conditional production varies between 7-8 tons.
Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 200-260 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,5-8,5 gr/dm3.

Wine “Napareuli” (red) is premium-quality controlled dry red wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the grape of species “Saperavi” with fully stopped must.
Wine “Napareuli” is characterized with dark red color, with pure species-specific aroma, spicy, harmonious and developed race.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Napareuli” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,0
Mass concentration of sugars no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 20 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Wine “Napareuli” (white) is premium-quality controlled dry white wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the grape of species “Rkatsiteli” with fully stopped must.
Wine “Napareuli” is characterized with light straw colour, with pleasant and gay species-specific aroma and taste, developed race and tones of meadow flowers.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Napareuli” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,5
Mass concentration of sugars no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,5 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 16 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Napareuli” is approximately 52 sq. km.
Unique properties of local species, the micro-climate formed under the influence of the gorges of the rivers Stori and Didkhev-Lopota, flowing down the southern slopes of the Caucasioni, soil varieties and structure make for the peculiarity of the wine “Napareuli”.

“SVIRI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Geographical location. The specific zone is located on the left shoreline of the river Kvirila, the tributary of the river Rioni, with the coordinates of North latitude 42°07´ and East longitude and eastern longitude 42°55´, on northern inclinations of the southern foothills of Middle Imereti. It includes the following villages: Pirveli Sviri, Meore Sviri, and administrative borders of Rodinauli. Absolute altitude above sea level is 220 meters.

Species of “Tsolikouri”
Growing area: Up to 170-270 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Species of “Tsitska”
Growing area: Up to 170-270 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-90 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 7-8 buds.
Harvest: 6 tons per hectare.
Species of “Krakhuna”
Growing area: Up to 170-270 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-90 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 7-8 buds.
Harvest: 6 tons per hectare.
Soil cultivation
Minimal and zero soil cultivation, a grass and lawn system, soil mulching.

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulation
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew.
Pests: Ticks, mealybug, variegated grape moth.
Control measures: Applying contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.


Economic-technological characterization of the species “Tsolikouri”, “Tsitska” and “Krakhuna”
“Tsolikouri” – Indigenous wine species of white vine widely spread in western Georgia. It is of late ripening period, with stronger than average grow. Average harvest in the principal regions of growing amounts to 6-7 tons per hectare. The average weight of bunch is 150-160 gr.
The sugar content in ripe grape is 200-250 gr/dm3, with the permanent acidity of 7,5-9,5 gr/dm3. Local wines and those of European type made with it are characterized by great body, harmonious taste, buoyancy and taste indicators.

“Tsitska” – Georgian white wine species. It is included in the group of indigenous vine species of Imereti.  It is of late ripening period, of lower than average grow. Conventional harvest is 5-6 tons per hectare. The average weight of the bunch is 130-150 gr.
Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 180 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 6,9-10,5 gr/dm3.
This species produces high-quality production and is successfully used to make sparkling wines.

“Krakhuna” – Georgian white wine species. It is included in the group of indigenous vines of Imereti.  It is of late ripening period, with average grow. Conventional harvest is up to 6 tons per hectare. The average weight of the bunch is 140-160 gr.
Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 210-230 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,5-8,5 gr/dm3.
This species produces high-quality production and is successfully used to make sparkling wines.

Wine “Sviri” is supreme-quality controlled dry white wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the grape of species “Tsolikouri” and “Tsitska” (species “Krakhuna” is also recommended) with stopped must on fermented rape (the proportion of rape constitutes 5-6% of must).
Wine “Sviri” is characterized with dark straw-yellowish tint, fruit tones, developed race, extractability and harmonicity.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Sviri” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 11,0-12,5
Mass concentration of sugars no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 18 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.
  
Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Sviri” is approximately 27 sq. km.
Location, soils and climatic conditions, aroma of the vine species “Tsolikouri” and the peculiarity of making the wine allows producing high-quality controlled dry white wine “Sviri” of geographical appellation.
  

“ATENI” (“ATENURI”)
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Geographical location. The specific zone of “Ateni” is located in Shida Kartli, in the administrative district of Gori, on the foot of northern-eastern slopes of Trialeti Ridge, in the hilly zone of foothills, with the coordinates of North latitude 42°31´ and East longitude and eastern longitude 42°54´, on the right and left banks of the river Atenuri creating two slopes and plains of opposite (northern-eastern, southern and southern-western) inclinations, directed towards the basin of the river Atenuri. 
The vineyards in the micro-zone are located at 620-750 m above sea level and include the villages of Patara Ateni, Gardateni and Didi Ateni.

Agro-technological regulations
In order to produce the bulk wine of “Atenuri”, the following agro-technological regulations should be observed by considering the soil and climatic conditions.

Species of “Chinuri”
Growing area: Up to 640-830 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,0 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 90-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 7-10 buds.
Harvest: 8-9 tons per hectare.

Species of “Goruli Mtsvane”
Growing area: Up to 640-830 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,5 x 1,5 m; 2,0 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 90-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 8 tons per hectare.

Species of “Aligote”
Growing area: Up to 640-850 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,5 x 1,5 m; 2,0 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 90-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 8 tons per hectare.
Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring plough and cultivation of soil. Finishing the vegetation irrigation one month before the vintage.
 In dryland preserving the soil surface in a loose state. 

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew.
Pests: Western grape warm, mealybug, variegated grape moth.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.


Economic-technological characterization of the species “Chinuri”, “Goruli Mtsvane” and “Aligote”
“Chinuri” – Georgian indigenous wine species of white vine giving high-quality product, which is known as species “Atenuri” in literary sources. According to the farming designation, it is attributed to the group of grapes used for table wines and sparkling bulk wine. It is of late ripening period, with stronger than average grow.
Average harvest amounts to 8-9 tons per hectare. The sugar content is 170-205 gr/dm3, with the permanent acidity of 7-8 gr/dm3. Average weight of the bunch is about 172-185 gr.

“Goruli Mtsvane” – Georgian white vine species giving high-quality product. It is of late ripening period, and unlike other species, accumulates sugar in greater quantities.
The vine is stronger than of average grow. Average harvest is 8 tons per hectare. Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 216-225 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 9,1-10,0 gr/dm3.

“Aligote” – French white vine species. The economic designation of the species is to make high-quality table wine and sparkling wines. It starts ripening in the first half of September. It is of average grow. The harvest is up to 8-9 tons per hectare. The average weight of the bunch is 125-130 gr.
Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 200-210 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 8,5-9 gr/dm3.
.

Wine “Atenuri” is premium-quality controlled sparkling white wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the secondary fermentation of bulk wine produced with vine species “Chinuri” and “Goruli Mtsvane” (species “Aligote” is also recommended).
Wine “Atenuri” is characterized with straw color, harmonious taste, fruit tones and energetic play.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Atenuri” should correspond to the following indicators:
Volumetric spirit-content, % - 11,5
Mass concentration of sugars:
Very dry - no more than 3 gr/dm3
Dry – 20-35 gr/dm3
Semi-dry – 35-50 gr/dm3
Semi-sweet - 50-80 gr/dm3
Sweet - 80  gr/dm3 and over
Titrated acidity – 6,0-7,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,0 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 16 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.


Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Atenuri” is approximately 14,5 sq. km.
The complex of local historical and modern technologies of making wine in the gorge of Ateni, favorable natural-ecological conditions (influence of high mountainous system on temperature regime) and properties of indigenous species allow producing Georgian traditional sparkling wine “Atenuri”.


“VAZISUBANI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Geographical location. The specific zone of Vazisubani vine-growing area is located in the middle stream of the river Alazani, with the coordinates of northern latitude of 41°49´ and eastern longitude of 45°43´, on the areas for vineyards on one of the aprons of Tsiv-Gombori ridge with the inclination of 5-6° eastwards. It is bordered by high winding of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge from the west and north-west, and by the areas with vineyards of Mukuzani from the east and north-east. It is located at 550 m above sea level and includes the villages of Vazisubani, Kalauri, Shashiani and Vachnadziani.

Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.

Species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-90 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring plough of soil. Moisture-preservation measures– preserving the soil surface in loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching). Ending the vegetation irrigation one month prior to vintage. 
Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, rots.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species “Rkatsiteli” and “Kakhuri Mtsvane”
Rkatsiteli” –Wine species of white vine. It is distinguished for high economic-technological properties, good resistance in various conditions and high dignity of production. It is of average or later than average ripening period, high-yielding (average weight of the bunch is up to 160-250 gr.). The average harvest is 9-10 tons per hectare.
The sugar content in the ripe grape is 220-240 gr/dm3, with the permanent acidity of 5-6 gr/dm3.

“Kakhuri Mtsvane” – Georgian white vine species giving high-quality product. It completely ripens at the end of September.
Its bunches are of average size with the average weight of 160-175 gr. Ripe bunch is of green-yellowish color and has a very pleasant species-specific aroma. The content of sugar in the ripe grape is 200-220 gr/dm3, with 6-7 gr/dm3 of acidity. Average harvest to produce high-quality wines is 7-8 tons per hectare.

Wine “Vazisubani” is premium-quality controlled dry white wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the grape of species “Rkatsiteli” (85%) and “Kakhuri Mtsvane” (15%) with fully stopped must.
Wine “Vazisubani” is characterized with light straw color, harmonious taste, buoyant well-developed race and flower tones.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Vazisubani” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,5
Mass concentration of sugars of no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,5 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,0 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 16 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Vazisubani” is approximately 62 sq. km.
Moderately humid climate, humuc-calcareous coils, taste indicators of “Rkatsiteli” and “Kakhuri Mtsvane” and the traditional wine-making technology make for the harmonicity and buoyancy of the wine “Vazisubani”


“KAKHETI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Geographical location. Kakheti is located in the southern-eastern part of Georgia, in the basin of the rivers Alazani and Iori and occupies 11,300 square kilometres of area. Its coordinates are:  northern latitude of 41°-42°15´ and eastern longitude of 45°-46°30´. To north-east, Kakheti is bordered by the main Ridge of Caucasioni, Kartli Ridge from the west and Azerbaijan from the south-east.
Tsiv-Gombori Ridge divides Kakheti into two parts, Inner Kakheti and outer Kakheti.
Inner Kakheti is a gradual slope of the above-mentioned ridges transforming into Alazani Valley – the largest valley in Georgia. Alazani Valley is located on both sides of the river Alazani and its length is about 160 km, width varies from 5 to 40 km. Its altitude above sea level is 740 m in northern-western direction, which decreases in southern-western direction to 200 m, at the border with Azerbaijan. The relief of Alazani Valley is uneven and by the erosive action of mountain rivers flowing down the main Ridge of Caucasioni the mountain slopes and their foots are quire dissection.
Outer Kakheti or Iori Upland is located between Samgori upland and Tsiv-Gombori Ridge and is directed towards east, where the main water artery of Kakhetian water flows – the river Iori. Diversified relief of Kakheti is blended with diversified climatic conditions.
  
Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.

Species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-90 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring plough of soil. Minimal soil cultivation. Moisture-preservation measures– preserving the soil surface in loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching).

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations and ecological resources of the given location.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, rots.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species
“Rkatsiteli” –Wine species of white vine. It is distinguished for high economic-technological properties, good resistance in various conditions and high dignity of production. It is of average or later than average ripening period; a high-yielding species (average weight of the bunch is up to 160-250 gr.). The average harvest is 9-10 tons per hectare.
The sugar content in the ripe grape is 220-240 gr/dm3, with the permanent acidity of 5-6 gr/dm3.

“Kakhuri Mtsvane” – Georgian white vine species giving high-quality product.
It completely ripens at the end of September.
Its bunch is of average size with the average weight of 160-175 gr. Ripe bunch is of green-yellowish color and has a very pleasant species-specific aroma. The content of sugar in the ripe grape is 200-220 gr/dm3, with 6-7 gr/dm3 of acidity. Average harvest to produce high-quality wine is 7-8 tons per hectare.

Wine “KAKHETI” is dry white wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the grape of species “Rkatsiteli” and “Mtsvane” with fully stopped must.
Wine “Kakheti” is characterized with amber color, fruit aroma, pleasant astringency, velvety and harmonicity.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Kakheti” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-13,5
Mass concentration of sugars of no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5-6 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 18 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Kakheti” is approximately 3100 sq. km.
The local ecological environment and the universality of the local indigenous species make for the originality and high quality of “Kakheti” wines.


“KARDENAKHI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Geographical location. Specific zone of Kardenakhi is located on the administrative territory of the village of Kardenakhi, Gurjaani Region, on the low with the of inclination of 3-4° of northern-eastern slope of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge, on the right side of the river Alazani. Its coordinates are as follows:  northern latitude of 41°48´ and eastern longitude of 45°44´, at 350-750 m above sea level. The plots are located between Gurjaani-Tsnori railway and motor ways, between the administrative borders of the villages of Bakurtsikhe and Anagi. The territory includes three massifs with the total area of 345 ha.
  
Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.

Species of “Khikhvi”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 7-8 buds.
Harvest: 5-6 tons per hectare.

Species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-90 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Urgent agricultural measure: Rationing of high-yielding tillers and tearing off their tips during the phase before flowering.
Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring plough of soil. Minimal soil cultivation. Moisture-preservation measures – preserving the soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching).
Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations and ecological resources of the given location.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, rots.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species
“Rkatsiteli” –Wine species of white vine. It is distinguished for high economic-technological properties, good resistance in various conditions and high dignity of production. It is of average or later than average ripening period, a high-yielding species (average weight of the bunch is up to 160-250 gr.). The codnitional harvest is 9-10 tons per hectare.
The sugar content in the ripe grape is 220-240 gr/dm3, with the permanent acidity of 5-6 gr/dm3.

“Khikhvi” – Indigenous white vine species with average ripening period. It is of average grow and average yielding. Average harvest in its growing areas is 4-6 tons per hectare. Average weight of the bunch is 90-100 gr. The content of sugar in the ripe grape is 240 gr/dm3, with the acidity preserved at 5-6 gr/dm3.

“Kakhuri Mtsvane “– Georgian white vine species giving high-quality product.
It completely ripens at the end of September.
Its bunch is of average size with the average weight of 160-175 gr. Ripe bunch is of green-yellowish color and has a very pleasant species-specific aroma. The content of sugar in the ripe grape is 200-220 gr/dm3, with 6-7 gr/dm3 of acidity. Average harvest to produce high-quality wine is 7-8 tons per hectare.

Wine “Kardenakhi is controlled high-quality strong white wine of geographical appellation. It is made with the grape of species “Rkatsiteli”, “Khikhvi” and “Mtsvane” with their must held-up and fortification of the gained fermenting must.
Wine “Kardenakhi” is characterized with amber color, species-specific aroma, honey tones, harmonicity and moderate extractability.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Kardenakhi” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 18
Mass concentration of sugars of 100 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,0-6,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,0 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 18 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “KARDENAKHI” is approximately 12 sq. km.
The exposition of “Kardenakhi” – northern-eastern inclination of Tsiv-Gombori mountains, the microclimate formed with the cold air masses flowing down Caucasioni glaciers, humic-calcareous and skeletal soils, and universality of local indigenous species make for the originality and high quality of “Kardenakhi” wines.


“KVARELI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Geographical location. Specific zone of “Kvareli” is located in the administrative region of Kvareli, in Kakheti, on the left bank of the river Alazani (Gagmamkhari), on the left bank of the river Bursa, in Kvareli administrative region, on southern slope of Kakheti Caucasioni. Its coordinates are as follows:  northern latitude of 41°58´ and eastern longitude of 45°50´. It is located at 450 m above sea level. The foot of lowland is occupied by Alzani Plain, which elevates northwards, is transformed into the foothills zone and is adjacent to Caucasioni foot.
The Bursa and Chagurgulatskali, small tributaries flowing down Caucasioni create strong drifted cones at the point where they flow into the Alazani. The territory includes the villages of Kuchatani, Gavazi, Chikaani, Akhalsopeli and Mtis Dziri.
   
Agro-technological regulations
In order to produce “Kvareli” wine, the following agro-technological regulations should be observed by considering the soil and climatic conditions.

Species of “Saperavi”
Growing area: Up to 750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 7-8 tons per hectare.

Urgent measures
Rationing of high-yielding buds and tearing off the tips during the phase before flowering.


Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring plough of soil. Moisture-preservation measures – preserving the soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching). Ending the vegetation irrigation one month before the vintage.

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, grape rot.
Pests: Western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species “Saperavi”
Saperavi” – Georgian, color-grape wine species giving high-quality production. Wine made of Saperavi is of intense dark red color, with moderate content of alcohol and acidity, with rich and gay race and high taste properties.
The bunch is larger than average with the weight of 140-145 gr. The ripe bunch is of dark blue color, juicy and pulpy with pleasant sweet taste.
The grape ripens in the second half of September. The vine is stronger that of average grow. The harvest per hectare to gain the conditional production varies between 7-8 tons.
Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 200-260 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,5-8,5 gr/dm3.

Wine “Kvareli” is high-quality controlled dry red wine of geographical appellation. It is made with the grape of species “Saperavi”, with fully stopped must.
Wine “Kvareli” is characterized with dark red color, species-specific aroma, extractability, harmonicity and special race.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Kvareli” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,0
Mass concentration of sugars of no more than 4 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 20 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Area of specific zones
The area of the specific zone of “Kvareli” is approximately 100 sq. km.
Unique properties of the species “Saperavi”, the microclimate created under the influence of the Caucasioni mountain range and the sediments drifted by the rivers of Bursa and Chagurgulatskali allow producing controlled high-quality dry red wine “Kvareli” of geographical appellation.



“GURJAANI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Production micro-zone of wine “GURJAANI”
Geographical location. The micro-zone is located in the middle stream of the river Alazani, on its right side with the coordinates of  northern latitude of 41°45´ and eastern longitude of 45°48´. The territory of the micro-zone includes foothills adjacent to the woody slopes of northern-eastern inclination of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge and Alazani Lowland from the populated area north-eastwards. Distance to the river Alazani along a straight line is 10 km. and the distance to the crest area of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge south-westwards is 17 km. The altitude of the extreme points of micro-zones varies within the limits of 250-1000 m above sea level. The micro-zone includes the villages of Inner Kakheti – Bakurtsikhe, Kolagi, Vejini, Dzirkoka, Chandara, village of Gurjaani, district zone of the city of Gurjaani, part of the territories of Kotekhi, Chumlaki, Shashiani and Vachnadziani, beginning from the second terrace of Alazani plain and spreading on the northern-eastern slopes of Tsiv-Gombori mountains.
  
Agro-technological regulations
In order to produce “Gurjaani” bulk wine, the following agro-technological regulations should be observed by considering the soil and climatic conditions.

Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Growing area: Up to 320-750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m; 3,0 x 1,5 m.
Height of stem: 70-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds, with 80-100 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.


Species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane”
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m; 3,0 x 1,5 m.
Height of stem: 60-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds, with 80-100 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
In the irrigation land – ending the last vegetation irrigation one month before the vintage. Autumn and spring ploughs of soil. Moisture-preservation measures – preservation of soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching).

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, rot.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species of “Rkatsiteli” and “Kakhuru Mtsvane”
“Rkatsiteli” – Wine species of white grape. It is distinguished by high economic-technological properties, resistance in various conditions and high dignity of production. The species is of average late or late period. It is characterized with abundant harvest (average weight of a bunch is about 160-250 gr.). Average harvest is 9-10 tons per hectare.
Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 240 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,8 gr/dm3.

“Kakhuri Mtsvane “– Georgian white vine species. The vine is of average grow and of average ripening period.
Its bunches are of average size with the average weight of 172 gr. and the average harvest is 6-7 tons per hectare. The species accumulates sugar in great quantities (220 gr/dm3) preserving normal rate of acidity (6,0-7,8 gr/dm3).

Wine “Gurjaani is controlled high-quality dry white wine of geographical appellation. It is made with the grape of species “Rkatsiteli”. 15% of the species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane” is acceptable to use.
Wine “Gurjaani” is characterized with light straw color, taste harmonicity, full species-specific aroma, and well-developed race.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Gurjaani” should correspond to the following indicators:
Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,5
Mass concentration of sugars of no more than 3 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,5 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,0 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 16 gr/dm3
Concentration of total mass of sulphuric acid of no more than 210 gr/dm3
Concentration of free sulphuric acid of no more than 30 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Available areas for raw materials of wine “Gurjaani”
The area for raw material of the wine “Gurjaani” is 1151,5 ha.
8636 tons of conditional grape harvest is possible to produce in the micro-zone. At the output of 65 decalitres out of 1 ton, 561 000 decalitres of bulk wine may be produced.
The location of “Gurjaani” micro-zone, the microclimate developed on the slope of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge, brown, brown meadow, alluvial and dealluvial soils and originality of the species of “Rkatsiteli” and “Kakhuri Mtsvane” make for the peculiar features of the wine “Gurjaani”.

 
“TSINANDALI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN


  Production micro-zone of wine “TSINANDALI”
Geographical location. The micro-zone of wine “Tsinandali” is located on the right bank of the river Alazani, in the administrative region of Telavi, with the coordinates of  northern latitude of 41°54´ and eastern longitude of 45°35´. The territory of Tsinandali covers the extensions of woody slopes of northern-eastern inclinations of Tsiv-Gombori mountains on the one hand, and foothills and Alazani plain, on the other hand. Industrial vineyards are mainly located at 300-750 m above sea level.
The micro-zone of wine “Tsinandali” includes the following villages: Akura, Vanta, Busheti, Kvemo Khodasheni, Tsinandali, Kisiskhevi, Kondoli, Nasamkhrali, Shalauri, Kurdgelauri, Vardisubani.
Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Growing area: Up to 300-600 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m; 3,0 x 1,5 m.
Height of stem: 70-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds, with 80-100 thousands buds per hectare.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.

Species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane”
Plot of planting: 2,5 x 1,5 m; 2,0 x 1,5 m; 3,0 x 1,5 m.
Height of stem: 70-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds, with 80-100 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring ploughs of soil. Minimum soil cultivation – on the background of periodic use of herbicides. Moisture-preservation measures – preservation of soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching). In the irrigation land – ending the last vegetation irrigation one month before the vintage.
In dryland – preserving the soil surface in weed-free and loose state. Soil mulching with organic mass and synthetic means as it appears possible.


Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, anthracnose, rots.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.
Additional agricultural measures: additional treating measures against powdery mildew.

Economic-technological characterization of the species of “Rkatsiteli” and “Kakhuru Mtsvane”
“Rkatsiteli” – Wine species of white grape. It is spread in Georgia and beyond its borders due to its wide ecological plasticity and universal economic-technological properties. The species is of average or late period. It is characterized with abundant harvest (average weight of a bunch is about 160-250 gr.). Average harvest is 9-10 tons per hectare.
Sugar content of the ripe grape in the given micro-zone reaches 240 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,8 gr/dm3. In order to produce bulk wine “Tsinandali”, the grape is harvested when the sugar concentration reaches 20-21% in it.

“Kakhuri Mtsvane” – White vine species for wine-making. The vine is of average grow and of average ripening period.
The average weight of the bunch is 172 gr. and the average harvest is 7-8 tons per hectare. The species accumulates sugar in great quantities (200-220 gr/dm3) preserving normal rate of acidity (6,0-7,8 gr/dm3). The peculiarity of the species is particular sensitivity to powdery mildew.

Wine “Tsinandali”
Wine “Tsinandali” is controlled high-quality dry white wine of geographical appellation. It is made with the grape of species “Rkatsiteli”. 15% of the species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane” is acceptable to use.
Wine “Tsinandali” is characterized with light straw color, taste harmonicity, with full, well-developed and elaborate race and species-specific aroma.
Chemical characteristics of the wine “Gurjaani” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,5
Mass concentration of sugars of no more than 3 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,5 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,0 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 16 gr/dm3
Concentration of total mass of sulphuric acid of no more than 210 gr/dm3
Concentration of free sulphuric acid of no more than 30 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Available areas for raw materials of wine “Tsinandali”
The area for raw material of the wine “Tsinandali” is 653 ha.
4571 tons of harvest is possible to produce in the micro-zone. At the output of 65 decalitres out of 1 ton, 297 000 decalitres of bulk wine may be produced.
The particular exposition of “Tsinandali” micro-zone, the microclimate developed on the northern-eastern slope of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge, calcareous, alluvial-proalluvial and dealluvial loamy and detritus soils, and harmonization of the species of “Rkatsiteli” and “Kakhuri Mtsvane” make for the high value of the wine “Tsinandali”.


“KINDZMARAULI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Production micro-zone of wine “KINDZMARAULI”

Geographical location. The micro-zone of wine “Kindzmarauli” is located in eastern Georgia, in Inner Kakheti, in the administrative region of Kvareli, on the southern slope of Caucasioni fork, with the coordinates of northern latitude of 41°30´ and eastern longitude of 45°50´. Industrial vineyards are mainly located at 250-550 m above seal level, on the left side of the river Alazani (“Gagmamkhari” (“The other bank of the river”)). The plain foots are occupied by Alazani plain, which is elevated northwards, transmits into the foothills and borders the foots of Caucasioni.
The territory to produce the bulk wine of “Kindzmarauli” includes a part of Inner Kakheti, the left second terrace of the river Alazani, and the right and left banks of the Duruji, Bursa, Chelta, Intsoba, Avaniskhevi and Shorokhevi, the rivers flowing into the Alazani. No north, the territory borders the foot of the southern slopes of Caucasioni. Western part of the mentioned territory, beginning from the right side of the river Duruji, in relief is more a plain with slightly wavy surface inclined to south-westwards, with the rest of the territory being a plain inclined southwards in the east. The mentioned zone is located at 250-550 m above sea level and includes the administrative territories of Kindzmarauli and Kvareli, and the following pats of the villages in the west: middle and upper parts of Shilda, Eniseli, Sabue, Almata, Gremi and Shakriani, located on the second terrace of the river Alazani. In east, the zone includes the principal territories of the villages of Patmasuri, Sanavardo, Kuchatani, Tsitskaant Seri, Chantlis Kure, Zinobiani, Akhalsopeli, Tkhilis Tskaro, Mtis Dziri and Chikaani and partly, the territories of the villages of Gavazi and Baglojiani, up to the first terrace of the Alazani. The total area of the mentioned micro-zone is about 2400 ha.
  
Species of “Saperavi”
Growing area: Up to 250-550 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 3,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,25 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m.
Height of stem: 70-90 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds; 80-100 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 7-8 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring ploughs of soil. Minimum soil cultivation. Moisture-preservation measures – preservation of soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching). Ending the vegetation irrigation one month before the vintage.
In dryland – on the slopes of average and great inclinations carrying out anti-erosion measures of mulching and zero soil cultivation, with grass-lawn system; soil mulching.

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, anthracnose, rots.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species of “Saperavi”
“Saperavi” is Georgian red-grape wine species giving premium-quality production. In the given micro-zone the vine ripens in the second half of September, and the vintage continues up to the first half of October. The vine is stronger that of average grow. The average harvest is 7-8 tons per hectare. Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches up to 260 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,5-8,5 gr/dm3. It is not very sensitive to fungus diseases.

Wine “Kindzmarauli”
“Kindzmarauli” – Controlled premium-quality, red natural semi-sweet wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the grape species “Saperavi”.
Wine “Kindzmarauli” is characterized by dark pomegranate tint; it has harmonious taste, full velvet, piquant and pleasant sweetness, with fruit tones and species-specific aroma.

Chemical characteristics of the wine “Kindzmarauli” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,0
Mass concentration of sugars of no more than 30-50 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5-7 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 20 gr/dm3
Concentration of total mass of sulphuric acid of no more than 210 gr/dm3
Concentration of free sulphuric acid of no more than 30 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Available areas for raw materials of wine “Tsinandali”
The area for raw material of the wine “Tsinandali” is 1633 ha, with 614 hectares of high-yielding area.  
4297 tons of harvest is possible to produce in the micro-zone at present. At the output of 65 decalitres out of 1 ton, 280 000 decalitres of bulk wine may be produced.
The special location of “Kindzamarauli” micro-zone, the microclimate developed under the influence of foothills bordering the Caucasioni high mountains from the south, skeletal soils developed on the black slates drifted by the rivers, beneficial heat regime developed in the vineyard and unique properties of the vine species “Saperavi”, its ecological plasticity provide specific taste values of naturally semi-sweet wine “Kindzmarauli”.


“AKHASHENI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Production micro-zone of wine “AKHASHENI”

Geographical location. Akhasheni is located in Inner Kakheti, in Inner Kakheti, in the middle stream of the river Alazani, with the coordinates of  northern latitude of 41°48´ and eastern longitude of 45°44´, between the Chermiskhevi and Papriskhevi, the right tributaries of the Alazani of latitudinal direction. Distance from the settlement area of Akhasheni to the river Alazani north-eastwards is 9,5 km, and the distance to the crest of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge, south-westwards, the opposite direction is 14,5 km. In respect of location of vine-making, the territory of Akhasheni includes the continuation of forest-edge slopes of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge and the second terrace of Alazani plain. The vineyards in the micro-zone are located on the areas at 350-700 m above sea level and includes middle and upper parts of the villages of Akhasheni and Chumlaki, and the massif of “Papris Mindvrebi”. The main area of the territory are slightly inclined aprons with a wavy surface south-westwards, north-eastwards and eastwards. The aprons transfer into plains north-eastwards and border the first terrace of the Alazani along Chermiskhevi and Papriskhevi.
  
Species of “Saperavi”
Growing area: Up to 350-700 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 3,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,25 m.
Height of stem: 60-90 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds; 80-100 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 7-8 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
The vegetation irrigation in the irrigation area should be ended one month before the vintage; autumn and spring ploughs of soil. Minimum soils cultivation. Moisture-preservation measures – preservation of soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching).
In dryland – on the slopes of average inclinations carrying out anti-erosion measures with minimal and zero soil cultivation; soil mulching.

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, rots.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.
Urgent measure: Rationing high-yielding tillers in accordance with the established agricultural regulations.

Economic-technological characterization of the species of “Saperavi”
“Saperavi”, by its economic designation is red-grape wine species. In the given micro-zone it produces invaluable material for semi-sweet bulk wine.
The vine is stronger that of average grow. The harvest per hectare to gain the conditional production varies between 7-8 tons. Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 260 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,5-8,5 gr/dm3. The bunch on average weighs 140-145 gr. It is characterized by fall of flowers, against which the tips of tillers should be torn off 2 or 3 days before flowering. It is not sensitive to fungus diseases.

Wine “Akhasheni”
“Akhasheni” – Controlled high-quality, red naturally semi-sweet wine of geographical appellation. It is characterized by dark ruby colour, with species-specific taste, harmonious, elaborate, full, piquant, pleasant sweetness, fruit tones and species-specific aroma.
Chemical and organoleptic properties of the wine “Akhasheni” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,0
Mass concentration of sugars of no more than 30-50 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,0-7,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 20 gr/dm3
Concentration of total mass of sulphuric acid of no more than 210 gr/dm3
Concentration of free sulphuric acid of no more than 30 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Available areas for raw materials of wine “Akhasheni”
The areas for raw material of the wine “Akhasheni” is approximately 112 ha. 
Approximately 728 tons of harvest is possible to produce in the micro-zone. At the output of 65 decalitres out of 1 ton, 47 000 decalitres of bulk wine may be produced.
The location of “Akhasheni” micro-zone, the microclimate of forest-edged slopes of Tsiv-Gombori mountains, calcareous and loessial, loamy-clay and alluvial-dealluvial soils and high indicator of sugar content of the vine species of “Saperavi” make for peculiar values of wine “Akhasheni”.
 
 

“MUKUZANI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Production micro-zone of wine “MUKUZANI”

Geographical location. Micro-zone of “Mukuzani” is located in Inner Kakheti, Eastern Georgia, on the right bank of the latitudinal gorge of the river Alazani of Gurjaani Region, on northern-eastern slope of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge, with the coordinates of  northern latitude of 41°48´ and eastern longitude of 45°44´, at 350-750 m above sea level. The raw material base includes the whole territories of Dedoplis Zvari, Papris Mindvrebi, Damarchine, Nadarbazevi, village of Zegaani, Mukuzani, and a part of Chumlaki, Velistsikhe and Vazisubani. The relief of the area is represented by slightly inclined slopes, plains and aprons.
Species of “Saperavi”
Growing area: Up to 350-600 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,5x 1,5 m; 2,0 x 1,5 m. 3,0 x 1,5 m;
Height of stem: 70-90 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds; 80-100 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 7-8 tons per hectare.
Urgent agricultural measure: Sorting of high-yielding tillers in accordance with the established agricultural regulations to gain regulated harvest. Tearing off the tiller tips 2 or 3 days before flowering.
Soil cultivation
Autumn and spring ploughs of soil. Minimum soils cultivation. Moisture-preservation measures – preservation of soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching). The last vegetation irrigation in the irrigation area should be ended one month before the vintage
In dryland – preservation of soil surface free of weeds and in a loose state; minimal and zero soil cultivation; soil mulching.

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, anthracnose, rots.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species of “Saperavi”
“Saperavi”, by its economic designation is red-grape wine species. It produces invaluable material for almost every type of wine. The vine is stronger that of average grow. The average harvest per hectare is 7-8 tons. The weight of a bunch is 140-145 gr. on average. Sugar content of the ripe grape reaches 260 gr/dm3, with the acidity of 7,5-8,5 gr/dm3. The bunch weighs 140-145 gr. on average. It is characterized by fall of flowers. It is not sensitive to fungus diseases.

Wine “Mukuzani”
“Mukuzani” – Controlled high-quality, red dry wine of geographical appellation. It is characterized by pomegranate colour, with full, harmonious, velvet and elaborate taste, well-defined species-specific aroma and race, high-extractability.
Chemical properties of the wine “Mukuzani” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,5
Mass concentration of sugars of no more than 3 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,0-7,5 gr/dm3
Volatile acidity of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 20 gr/dm3
Concentration of total mass of sulphuric acid of no more than 160 gr/dm3
Concentration of free sulphuric acid of no more than 30 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.
Available areas for raw materials of wine “Mukuzani”
The areas for raw material in the micro-zone of the wine “Mukuzani” is approximately 246 ha. 
The expected volume of conditional harvest is approximately 1600 tons. At the output of 65 decalitres out of 1 ton, 104 000 decalitres of bulk wine may be produced.
The geographical exposition of the micro-zone of “Mukuzani”, northern-eastern inclination of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge, microclimate developed trough cold air masses descending the peaks covered with the Caucasioni glaciers, calcareous and loessial soil clays, skeletal-alluvial deposits, ecological plasticity of the species “Saperavi” make for peculiar values of wine “Mukuzani”.


“MANAVI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Production micro-zone of wine “MANAVI”

Geographical location. Micro-zone of “Manavi” is located in Outer Kakheti, administrative Region of Sagarejo, on the foothills of southern and adjacent slopes of Tsiv-Gombori Ridge, with the coordinates of northern latitude of 41°44´ and eastern longitude of 45°27´ and nearby. Industrial vineyards are mainly located at 450-800 m above sea level. Physical-geographical individuality of this part of Iori Upland is the result of its joint heightened-plain, wavy, slightly dissection relief and the location in the zone with the climate transient from Continental to Sea. 
The micro-zone of the wine “Manavi” includes the following villages: Tokhliauri, Manavi, Burdiani, Giorgitsminda, Antoki, Mariamjvari, Didi Chailuri, Patara Chailuri, Kakabeti and Verkhviani. 

Agro-technological regulations
In order to produce the wine of appellation “Manavis Mtsvane”, the following agro-technological regulations should be observed by considering the soil and climatic conditions.

Species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane”
Growing area: Up to 400-800 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m; seldom at 3 x 1,5 m.
Height of stem: 60-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis, rarely cordons.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds; 80-100 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Species of “Rkatsiteli”
Plot of planting: 2 x 1,5 m; 2,5x 1,5 m; seldom at 3 x 1,5 m.
Height of stem: 70-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds, 80-100 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 9-10 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
In the irrigation land – soil cultivation according to the agricultural regulations with autumn and spring ploughs. Cultivation for 4 or 5 times. Moisture-preservation measures – preservation of soil surface in a loose state (cultivation, milling, mulching). The last vegetation irrigation in the irrigation area should be ended one month before the vintage
In dryland – anti-erosion measures on the slopes with average inclination: minimal and zero soil cultivation; grass-lawn system, soil mulching as it appears possible.


Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under cartographic agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Particular inclination to mildew; powdery mildew, rots.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Additional measures against powdery mildew by using proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane” and “Rkatsiteli”
“Kakhuri Mtsvane” – Georgian white vine species.
The vine is of average grow and of average ripening period. The average weight of its bunches is 172 gr. and the average harvest is 5-8 tons per hectare. The species has great capability of accumulating sugar (200-220 gr/dm3 with the preservation of permanent acidity of 6,0-7,8 gr/dm3  ). It is sensitive to powdery mildew.

Rkatsiteli” – Wine species of white grape. It is distinguished by high economic-technological properties, resistance in various conditions and high dignity of production. The species is of average or late period. It is characterized with abundant harvest (average weight of a bunch is about 160-250 gr.). Average harvest is 9-10 tons per hectare.
Sugar content of the grape is 240 gr/dm3 with the preservation of permanent acidity of 7,8 gr/dm3.

 “Manavi” – Controlled premium-quality, white dry wine of geographical appellation. The vintage to produce the wine “Manavi” is held when the sugar content of the grape is 190 gr/dm3 and the titrated acidity is 5,5-7,5 gr/dm3.
Wine “Manavi” is controlled premium-quality white dry wine of geographical appellation It is made of the grapes species of “Kakhuri Mtsvane” and 15% of “Rkatsiteli” may also be used.
Wine “Manavi” is characterized from light straw to straw colour, with greenish tint, with delicate, harmonious, gay and elaborate taste, fruit aroma and species-specific aroma and developed race.
Chemical properties of the wine “Manavi” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,5
Titrated acidity – 5-7 gr/dm3
Volatile acids of no more than 1 gr/dm3
Mass sugar concentration of no more than 0,3 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 16 gr/dm3
Concentration of total mass of sulphuric acid of no more than 210 gr/dm3
Concentration of free sulphuric acid of no more than 30 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Available areas for raw materials of wine
The areas for raw material in the micro-zone of the wine “Manavi” is approximately 346 ha. 
The expected volume of conditional harvest is 2425 tons. At the output of 65 decalitres out of 1 ton, 157 000 decalitres of bulk wine may be produced.
The geographical location of the micro-zone of “Manavi”, elevated-plain slightly dissection relief of Iori Upland, transitional climate from subtropical to moderately humid subtropical, dark brown calcareous soils (of Chernozem type)and special features of the species “Manavi” make for peculiar values of wine “Manavi”.


“TVISHI”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Production micro-zone of wine “TVISHI”

Geographical location. The specific zone of “Tvishi” is located in Lechkhumi, administrative Region of Tsageri, in the right shoreline of the river Lechkhumi, with the coordinates of northern latitude of 42°31´ and eastern longitude of 42°54´, at 435 m above sea level. The specific zone includes the extreme western foot of Racha Ridge and eastern slopes of massif. It includes the villages of Tvishi and Alpana.

Agro-technological regulations
In order to produce the wine of appellation “Tvishi”, the following agro-technological regulations should be observed by considering the soil and climatic conditions.

Species of “Tsolikouri”
Growing area: Up to 500-800 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,5 x 1,5 m
Height of stem: 80-100 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 8-10 buds.
Harvest: 6-7 tons per hectare.

Soil cultivation
Anti-erosive measures to be undertaken on the slopes of average and great inclination: minimal and zero soil cultivation; grass-lawn system, soil mulching.

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, anthracnose.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species of “Tsolikouri”
“Tsolikouri” – Indigenous white vine species widely spread in western Georgia. The vine is of more than average grow and of late ripening period. It is high-yielding species. The average harvest is 6-7 tons per hectare. The average weight of its bunches is 150-160 gr. The content of sugar in the ripe grape is 200-250 gr/dm3, with 7,5-9,5 gr/dm3  of permanent acidity.

 Wine “Tvishi” – Controlled premium-quality, white semi-sweet wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the vine species of “Tsolikouri” with half stopped must.
Wine “Tvishi” is characterized from light straw to straw colour, with delicate, harmonious and elaborate taste, species-specific aroma and pleasant sweetness.
Chemical properties of the wine “Tvishi” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,-11,5
Mass sugar concentration of no more than 30-50 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5,5-7,0 gr/dm3
Volatile acids of no more than 1,0 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 16 gr/dm3
The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

Available areas for raw materials of wine
The area of the specific zone of wine “Tvishi” is approximately 15 sq. km. 
Special geographical location, the microclimate developed on the right bank of the river Rioni, soil varieties, species-specific aroma of the vine species “Tsolikouri”, pleasant sweetness and way of production make for peculiar properties of wine “Tvishi”.

 
“KHVANCHKARA”
WINE OF APPELLATION OF ORIGIN

 
Production micro-zone of wine “KHVANCHKARA”

Geographical location. The micro-zone of “Khvanchkara” is located in Racha, administrative Region of Ambrolauri, on the southern slopes of Lechkhumi Ridge, on the sloped between the coordinates of northern latitude of 42°30´ and eastern longitude of 43°00´. Industrial vineyards are mainly located at 450-750 m above sea level. The micro-zone spreads along the latitudinal gorge on the right bank of the river Rioni, along 35-40 km, in the pit protected by high ridges. The vineyards are spread on the left bank of the river Rioni, on the northern slope of Racha Ridge.
The micro-zone of the wine “Khvanchkara” includes the villages located in near the village of Khvanchkara: Tsesi, Kvatskhuti, Sadmeli, Gviara, Bostana, Didi Chorjo, Patara Chorjo, Meore Tola, Pirveli Tola, Chrebalo, Chkvishi, Zhoshkha, Kvishari, Gvardia, Bareuli, Gadishi, Baji, Bugeuli, Saketsia, Jvarisa, Itsa, Krikhi, Akhalsopeli, Gori, Khimshi, Abanoeti. In some years, bulk wine of “Khvanchkara” may be produced in the villages of Tsageri Region – Alpana and Orbeli. 
Species of “Aleksandrouli”
Growing area: Up to 450-750 m above sea level.
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,25 x 1,5 m
Height of stem: 60-80 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 7-8 buds; 70-80 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 6-6,5 tons per hectare.

Species of “Mujuretuli”
Plot of planting: 2,0 x 1,5 m; 2,25 x 1,5 m
Height of stem: 60-80 cm
Form of pruning: Free and Georgian two-sided trellis.
Norm of loading per 1 sq. m.: 7-8 buds; 70-80 thousand buds per hectare.
Harvest: 6,5-7 tons per hectare.
Soil cultivation
In dryland - anti-erosive measures to be undertaken on the slopes of average and great inclination: minimal and zero soil cultivation; grass-lawn system, soil mulching.

Fertilization
Application of organic-mineral fertilizers under agricultural regulations.

Phyto-sanitary regulations
Principal diseases: Mildew, powdery mildew, anthracnose.
Pests: Ticks, western grape warm, mealybug.
Pest and disease control measures: Proper contact and systematic preparations registered in Georgia.

Economic-technological characterization of the species of “Aleksandrouli” and “Mujuretuli”
“Aleksandrouli” – Georgian red vine species giving high-quality product, of an average ripening period. It is ripened at the end of September. The bunch weighs 90-100 gr.
The vine is of average growth. The harvest is 6-6,5 tons per hectare. The sugar-content of the grape reaches 260 gr/dm3.
It is less resistant to fungous diseases. It is particularly vulnerable to powdery mildew.

“Mujuretuli” - Georgian red vine species, of later than average ripening period. It is ripened in the middle of October. The vine is of average grow, with the harvest of 6-8 tons per hectare. Average weight of the bunch is 60-90 gr. The sugar-content is 250 gr/dm3, and the acidity is 6-7 g/dm3. It is less resistant to fungous diseases.
Wine “Khvanchkara”
 Wine “Khvanchkara” – Controlled premium-quality, red naturally semi-sweet wine of geographical appellation. It is produced with the vine species of “Aleksandrouli” and “Mujuretuli”.
Wine “Khvanchkara” is characterized with dark ruby colour; it has harmonious, velvet, elaborate taste with pleasant sweetness, fruit tones and species-specific aroma.
Chemical properties of the wine “Khvanchkara” should correspond to the following indicators:

Volumetric spirit-content, % - 10,5-12,0
Mass sugar concentration of no more than 30-50 gr/dm3
Titrated acidity – 5-7 gr/dm3
Volatile acids of no more than 1,2 gr/dm3
Mass concentration of finished extract of no less than 20 gr/dm3
Concentration of total mass of sulphuric acid of no more than 210 gr/dm3
Concentration of free sulphuric acid of no more than 30 gr/dm3

The rest norms should correspond to the legislative acts of Georgia and the EU Directive No. 1493/1999 of May 17, 1999.

 Source: National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia "Sakpatenti"